What is the difference between a Scrum Master and a Project Manager?
Often the role of a Scrum Master is mistaken for being similar to the role of a project manager. In my experience one of the reasons why this comparison started in the first place was due to the lack of understanding of Scrum when organisations transitioned to using Scrum for product development. There is a believe that when moving from traditional project management approach to Scrum, there is a simple one to one mapping of accountabilities and responsibilities. In project management, there is a project manager who looks after and communicates the project plan, is responsible for budget, reporting, dependency management and keeping the team on track. Organisations believed that a Scrum Master must be the role within Scrum that looks after the above activities.
Scrum and project management are fundamentally different, Scrum is a framework designed to helps teams and organizations generate value through adaptive solutions for complex problems.
Projects in contracts are temporary endeavours, with a start and end date to organise a team to ensure a set of tasks are completed on-time and within budget.
The two roles are very different and have very different objectives. They were designed and created for different purposes.
Let us see the difference between a Scrum Master and a Project Manager:
The Scrum guide define the Scrum Masters as are true leaders who serve the Scrum Team and the larger organization.
In summary, Scrum Masters focus on is in helping scrum teams being effective by facilitating and coaching the Scrum Team to deliver value, while project managers focus on planning, execution, and delivery of the project.